GDPR Rules And Provisions That Are Necessary To Meet

GDPR Rules

Data security and compliance are critical concerns for businesses in today’s digital world. With increasing incidents of data breaches and cyber attacks, organizations need to ensure that they are protecting the personal data of their customers and employees. In this blog, we will discuss the major GDPR rules and provisions, so that you can get an idea of what it involves. We will also discuss who implements these rules, to whom they apply, and what penalties are imposed for breaking the law.

What Is GDPR?

What Is GDPR?The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is a regulation adopted by the European Union in 2016 to protect the privacy and personal data of EU citizens. It sets strict rules for how companies and organizations handle personal data, including how they collect, store, process, and share it. GDPR gives individuals greater control over their data and requires companies to obtain explicit consent before collecting or processing any personal information. Non-compliance with GDPR can result in hefty fines for companies.

What Are GDPR Rules And Provisions?

The GDPR has several key rules and provisions, including:


The GDPR requires that companies obtain explicit and unambiguous consent from individuals for the processing of their data. The consent must be freely given, specific, informed, and given through a clear affirmative action, such as ticking a box or clicking a button. Companies must also make it easy for individuals to withdraw their consent at any time. They must inform individuals about the right to withdraw consent and provide clear and simple instructions for doing so.

Data Breach Notification

The GDPR requires that companies report any personal data breach to the supervisory authority within 72 hours of becoming aware of it unless the breach is unlikely to result in a risk to the rights and freedoms of individuals. If the breach is a high risk, the company must also inform the affected individuals without undue delay. Companies must keep a record of any data breaches, regardless of whether they report.

Right to Access

Right to AccessIndividuals have the right to access the data held by a company and to receive certain information about how it is being processed. Companies must respond to these requests within one month and provide a copy of the data in a commonly used electronic format, free of charge. Individuals may also request additional information, such as the purposes of the processing, the categories of personal data, and the recipients of the data.

Right to be Forgotten

The GDPR gives individuals the right to have their data erased in certain circumstances, such as when the data is no longer necessary for the purpose it was collected for, when the individual withdraws their consent, or when the processing is unlawful. Companies must respond to these requests without undue delay and must also take reasonable steps to inform any third parties with whom they have shared the data.

Data Protection Officer

Some companies have to appoint a Data Protection Officer (DPO) to oversee GDPR compliance. The DPO must have expertise in data protection and be independent and free from conflicts of interest. The DPO must also have direct access to senior management and involve in all issues for the protection of personal data.

Privacy by Design

The GDPR requires companies to incorporate data protection into the design of their products and services. This means that companies must consider data protection from the outset and throughout the entire product lifecycle. They must also implement technical and organizational measures to ensure that only necessary personal data processes, that the data is accurate and up-to-date, and that it is secure.

Data Portability

The GDPR gives individuals the right to receive their data in a structured, commonly used, and machine-readable format and to transmit it to another controller. This enables individuals to transfer their data from one company to another more easily. The right to data portability applies to personal data based on consent or for the performance of a contract.

Who Implements GDPR Rules?

Who Implements GDPR Rules?The supervisory authorities in each EU member state implement and enforce GDPR. These supervisory authorities are independent public bodies responsible for monitoring and enforcing compliance with the GDPR.

Each member state must designate at least one supervisory authority, which has the power to carry out investigations, issue fines, and take other enforcement actions as necessary. The supervisory authority in each member state is also responsible for providing guidance and support to organizations and individuals on GDPR compliance.

In addition to supervisory authorities, the GDPR also creates a European Data Protection Board (EDPB), which consists of representatives from the supervisory authorities of each member state. The EDPB is responsible for ensuring consistent interpretation and application of the GDPR across the EU, providing guidance and opinions on specific issues, and resolving disputes between supervisory authorities.

Ultimately, it is the responsibility of companies and organizations to ensure that they comply with the GDPR, but they may seek guidance from supervisory authorities or professional advisors if they are unsure about their obligations. Failure to comply with the GDPR can result in significant fines and reputational damage, so companies need to take the regulation seriously and invest in appropriate compliance measures.

To Whom Do The GDPR Rules Apply?

To Whom Do The GDPR Rules Apply?The GDPR applies to all organizations that process the personal data of individuals in the European Union, regardless of where the organization is based. This includes:

  • Organizations based in the EU that process personal data, regardless of whether the processing takes place within the EU or outside it.
  • Organizations based outside the EU that offer goods or services to individuals in the EU or monitor the behavior of individuals in the EU.
  • Data processors process personal data on behalf of a data controller, regardless of where the processor is located.
  • Data controllers and processors of all sizes, from small businesses to large multinational corporations.
  • Public authorities and bodies that process personal data, such as government agencies, schools, and hospitals.

It is important to note that the GDPR does not apply to the processing of personal data for purely personal or household activities. However, if an individual processes personal data for commercial purposes or as part of an online activity, the GDPR may still apply.

Penalties For Breaking GDPR Rules

Penalties For Breaking GDPR RulesBreaking GDPR rules can result in significant penalties, which are designed to act as a deterrent and encourage organizations to take data protection seriously. The size of the penalties depends on the severity and nature of the infringement, but they can be substantial.

Some of the penalties for breaking GDPR rules are:

  • Fines of up to €20 million or 4% of global annual turnover (whichever is higher) for the most serious infringements, such as violations of the basic principles of data processing, failure to obtain consent, or failure to notify authorities of a data breach.
  • Fines of up to €10 million or 2% of global annual turnover (whichever is higher) for less serious infringements, such as failing to maintain accurate records or failing to appoint a Data Protection Officer.
  • In addition to financial penalties, organizations may also face other sanctions, such as orders to cease processing personal data or restrictions on processing activities.

Organizations need to take GDPR compliance seriously to avoid these penalties and the reputational damage that can result from a data breach or other infringement.


In conclusion, the GDPR is a comprehensive data protection regulation that imposes strict rules on how organizations must handle personal data. The regulation provides individuals with greater control over their data and holds organizations accountable for protecting personal data from breaches and misuse. Non-compliance with the GDPR can result in significant fines and reputational damage. To ensure compliance, organizations should seek professional guidance and invest in appropriate compliance measures.

If you are looking to implement any of the Infosec compliance frameworks such as SOC 2 complianceHIPAAISO 27001, and GDPR compliance, Impanix can help. Book a Free consultation call with our experts or email us at  [email protected] for inquiries.