The Ultimate Guide to SOC 2 Type 2 Compliance

soc 2 type 2 report

In a world that’s increasingly driven by digital data, cyber threats are continually evolving, and data protection has never been more critical. It’s crucial for businesses to assure their clients that their sensitive data is well-protected, and what better way to demonstrate this commitment than through SOC 2 Type 2 compliance? In this comprehensive guide, we’ll dissect the complexities of the SOC 2 Type 2 report, elucidating its importance, the core principles it’s founded on, the rigorous audit process, and the manifold benefits it confers.

What Is A Type 2 SOC 2 Report?

What Is A Type 2 SOC 2 ReportA Type 2 SOC 2 Report serves as a comprehensive document displaying an organization’s commitment to maintaining a robust system of security controls. It’s an in-depth evaluation, conducted by an independent auditing body, to ascertain the effectiveness of these controls over a defined period of time.

The Type 2 SOC 2 Report plays a crucial role in assuring stakeholders, clients, and potential clients that the organization is dedicated to maintaining a rigorous system of internal controls. It attests to the operational effectiveness of these controls, boosting confidence in the organization’s services and systems.

The Significance of SOC 2 Type 2 Compliance

SOC 2 Type 2 compliance is more than just a certification—it’s an assurance of trust and credibility. With this, let’s delve into why SOC 2 Type 2 is so important.

  • Building Trust with Clients: SOC 2 Type 2 certification instills confidence in your clients that you prioritize data security. This independently audited certification is a testimony to your commitment to maintaining robust controls to safeguard their sensitive data, fostering a relationship of trust.
  • Competitive Advantage: Being SOC 2 Type 2 compliant gives you a significant edge in a competitive marketplace by making you a preferred choice for prospective clients.
  • Data Security Assurance: SOC 2 Type 2 compliance helps ensure that your systems and controls are designed to protect against data breaches and loss, effectively mitigating risks.
  • Regulatory Compliance: SOC 2 Type 2 compliance can help meet the regulatory requirements, thereby reducing the risk of non-compliance penalties.
  • Improved Business Operations: The rigorous auditing process leading to SOC 2 Type 2 compliance can uncover potential vulnerabilities and areas for improvement in your system and controls.

How Many Controls Are In SOC 2 Type 2?

How Many Controls Are In SOC 2 Type 2When it comes to the number of controls in SOC 2 Type 2 compliance, there isn’t a one-size-fits-all answer. The number of controls can vary based on the specific requirements of an organization and its unique operational context.

SOC 2 is fundamentally centered around five Trust Service Criteria (also referred to as principles): Security, Availability, Processing Integrity, Confidentiality, and Privacy. Each principle has a series of related criteria, which are effectively the controls that an organization must put in place and uphold.

The Security principle, being the cornerstone, is compulsory for all SOC 2 audits. And if the services provided by the organization are relevant, the audit includes the remaining principles – Availability, Processing Integrity, Confidentiality, and Privacy. Each of these principles has its own set of additional criteria that the organization would need to meet if included in the audit.

Who Conducts A SOC 2 Type 2 Audit

SOC 2 Type 2 audits can only be carried out by an independent CPA (Certified Public Accountant) or an auditing firm. This ensures the audit’s impartiality and adherence to universally recognized criteria established by the AICPA (American Institute of Certified Public Accountants).

The auditor or auditing firm should be licensed and possess expertise in SOC audits and industry knowledge. A reputable auditor has a track record of successful SOC audits and understands information systems, IT governance, risk management, and regulatory compliance.

Internal teams can and should perform regular self-assessments to maintain compliance but cannot substitute the official SOC 2 Type 2 audit. Only an independent, certified body can conduct a formal audit resulting in a SOC 2 Type 2 report. This report provides the necessary assurance to clients, stakeholders, and regulators.

How To Prepare For SOC 2 Type 2 Audit?

Embarking on the journey towards SOC 2 Type 2 compliance can seem daunting, but with systematic preparation and foresight, you can successfully navigate this process. Here are the key steps to prepare for a SOC 2 Type 2 audit:

Identify the Scope of the Audit

The first step is to establish the scope of your audit. Determine applicable Trust Service Criteria (Security, Availability, Processing Integrity, Confidentiality, and Privacy) to align with your business. Remember, Security is mandatory for all SOC 2 audits.

Establish Your Internal Team

Once the scope is identified, assemble a dedicated internal team responsible for managing the audit process. This team should ideally include people from different departments – IT, HR, legal, and operations to ensure that all aspects of your business are represented.

Choose a Reputable Auditor

Selecting a reputable, experienced auditor is crucial. This is a significant decision that will have a profound impact on the success of your audit. For this, look for an auditor with a proven track record in SOC 2 audits and specific knowledge of your industry.

Conduct a Gap Analysis

By conducting a Gap Analysis or Readiness Assessment, you can identify areas of non-compliance within your organization. This preliminary audit helps uncover deficiencies in existing controls, providing valuable insights into areas that require attention.

Remediate Identified Gaps

Once gaps have been identified, it’s time to address them. This could involve developing new controls, enhancing existing ones, or training staff on appropriate protocols. Moreover, remediation is a critical step in ensuring that your organization meets the SOC 2 Type 2 standards.


Maintain meticulous records of your policies, procedures, and controls. This includes system descriptions, risk assessments, and proof of monitoring. Comprehensive documentation will be invaluable during the audit and can streamline the process considerably.

Implement a Continuous Monitoring Program

Regular monitoring of your controls is imperative to maintain compliance. Establish a monitoring program for ongoing control effectiveness, identifying environmental changes, and fostering continuous improvement culture.

What Is The Difference Between SOC 2 Type 1 and Type 2 Reports?

Both SOC 2 Type 1 and Type 2 reports are pivotal components of an organization’s commitment to data security and privacy. However, they differ in their focus, depth, and the assurance they provide. Let’s dissect these differences:

ParameterSOC 2 Type 1SOC 2 Type 2
DefinitionA report that attests to the design and implementation of an organization’s controls at a specific point in time.A report that assesses the effectiveness of those controls over a defined period, usually six months.
FocusVerifies the existence and suitability of the design of controls.Evaluates the operational effectiveness of those controls over an extended period.
Auditor’s OpinionAddresses the fairness of the presentation of the management’s description of the entity’s system and the suitability of the design of the controls to meet the applicable trust services criteria.In addition to the Type 1 criteria, it also includes an opinion on the operating effectiveness of controls.
Ideal ForOrganizations that are in the initial stages of implementing their security controls.Organizations seeking to demonstrate the efficacy of their controls over time.
Assurance Level

It appropriately designs and provides assurance that the controls are in place.

Provides higher assurance as it confirms the controls are operating effectively over a period of time.

Is SOC 2 Type 2 Better Than Type 1?

Is SOC 2 Type 2 Better Than Type 1The determination of whether SOC 2 Type 2 is “better” than Type 1 largely depends on the context. A SOC 2 Type 2 report is considered “better” in terms of providing a higher level of assurance to stakeholders. This is because it offers a clearer understanding of your organization’s controls and their effectiveness. This can thereby enhance credibility and trust in your commitment to security and privacy.

Costs Associated with SOC 2 Type 2 Compliance

Determining costs for SOC 2 Type 2 compliance is complex due to the unique needs and circumstances of each organization. Overall, the primary cost is the auditor’s fee can range from $20,000 to $60,000.

This cost depends on various factors including:

  • The size and complexity of your organization
  • Scope of the audit
  • The current state of your controls
  • The level of assistance needed from external consultants


In conclusion, SOC 2 Type 2 compliance is a crucial milestone for organizations, enhancing data security, building trust, and gaining a competitive advantage. By demonstrating a commitment to robust controls, organizations can enhance their reputation, mitigate risks, and gain a competitive advantage. Embracing SOC 2 Type 2 certification sets a solid foundation for a secure and reputable future.

And if you are looking to implement any of the Infosec compliance frameworks such as SOC 2 compliance, HIPAA, ISO 27001, and GDPR compliance, Impanix can help. Book a Free consultation call with our experts or email us at  [email protected] for inquiries.