What Is SOC2 Audit: Everything You Need To Know

What Is SOC 2 Audit:

In today’s interconnected and digitized world, data security has become a critical concern for organizations of all sizes. With cyber threats on the rise, businesses need to demonstrate their commitment to protecting sensitive information and maintaining robust security controls. This is where SOC2 Audit comes into play. SOC2 (System and Organization Controls 2). In this blog, we are going to discuss everything about the process along with certain facts.

What Is SOC2 Audit

What Is SOC2 AuditSOC 2 (Service Organization Control 2) is an auditing standard developed by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) to assess and report on the security, availability, processing integrity, confidentiality, and privacy of a service organization’s systems and data.

Here you can analyze how SOC2 Audit is Important:

  • Customer Assurance: SOC 2 compliance demonstrates to customers and stakeholders. That an organization has implemented adequate controls and safeguards to protect its data. At the time of ensuring the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of the systems and services they provide.
  • Competitive Advantage: Having a SOC 2 report can provide a competitive edge in the market, especially in industries where data security and privacy are critical factors in decision-making. It gives potential customers confidence in the organization’s ability to protect their sensitive information.
  • Risk Management: SOC 2 audits help organizations identify vulnerabilities and weaknesses in their systems and controls, allowing them to address these issues proactively and reduce the risk of data breaches, service disruptions, or non-compliance with regulatory requirements.
  • Compliance Requirements: Many organizations are subject to regulatory requirements or contractual obligations that mandate the assessment of their information security controls. SOC 2 compliance can help meet these obligations and demonstrate adherence to industry standards.
  • Internal Improvement: Going through the SOC 2 audit process enables organizations to assess their own controls, policies, and procedures. It provides valuable insights into areas for improvement, allowing them to enhance their overall security posture and operational efficiency.

It is important to note that SOC 2 audits are not one-time events but should be conducted periodically to maintain ongoing compliance and address any changes in systems, processes, or regulatory requirements.

How SOC2 Audit Works?

How SOC2 Audit WorksSOC 2 audits follow a standardized process that involves several steps. Here’s an overview of how a SOC 2 audit typically works:

  • Scoping and Planning: The audit process begins with scoping and planning, where the service organization and the auditing firm define the audit objectives, identify the systems and services to be included in the audit, and establish the audit timeline and resources required.
  • Control Evaluation: The auditor assesses the design and implementation of the service organization’s controls to determine if they meet the Trust Services Criteria (TSC) outlined in the SOC 2 framework. This involves reviewing policies, procedures, and documentation, as well as conducting interviews with key personnel to understand how controls are implemented and operated.
  • Testing: The auditor performs testing procedures to verify the effectiveness of the controls in place. This may involve examining system configurations, reviewing access logs, conducting sample testing of transactions, and performing vulnerability assessments or penetration tests. The testing procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance that the controls are operating effectively.
  • Evaluation of Exceptions: If any exceptions or deficiencies are identified during the testing phase, the auditor evaluates their significance and potential impact on the organization’s security, availability, processing integrity, confidentiality, or privacy. The service organization is typically required to remediate these exceptions to achieve compliance.

It is important to note that the SOC 2 audit process may vary slightly depending on the specific requirements of the auditing firm and the organization being audited. The process should be conducted by independent, qualified auditors who have expertise in conducting SOC 2 audits and assessing controls in technology-based service organizations.

Who Can Perform SOC2 Audit?

Who Can Perform A SOC2 Audit?A SOC 2 audit can only be performed by a licensed Certified Public Accountant (CPA) firm or a qualified audit firm. These firms should have professionals with the necessary expertise and experience in auditing information security controls and evaluating compliance with the SOC 2 framework.

When selecting an audit firm for a SOC 2 audit, organizations should consider the following factors:

  • Expertise: The firm should have professionals with knowledge and experience in auditing information security controls. Assessing compliance with the SOC 2 framework, and evaluating technology-based service organizations.
  • Reputation: It is important to research and assess the reputation of the audit firm. Consider factors such as the firm’s track record, client references, and any certifications or accreditations they hold.
  • Independence: Ensure that the audit firm is independent and does not have any conflicts of interest. That may compromise the integrity of the audit process.
  • Industry Experience: If your organization operates in a specific industry with unique compliance requirements, consider engaging auditors who have experience auditing organizations in that industry. They will have a better understanding of the specific challenges and regulatory landscape relevant to your business.
  • Resources and Capacity: Evaluate the audit firm’s resources, capabilities, and capacity to handle your organization’s audit requirements within the desired timeline.

Before engaging an audit firm, it is recommended to conduct a thorough evaluation and due diligence process. This includes requesting and reviewing the firm’s qualifications, and discussing the scope.  Even, objectives of the audit, and clarifying the terms of the engagement, including fees and deliverables.

Limitation To Consider With SOC2 Audit

Limitation To Consider With SOC2 AuditWhile SOC 2 audits provide valuable insights into the effectiveness of an organization’s control. Even, demonstrate its commitment to information security, there are certain limitations to consider:

  • Scope: SOC 2 audits evaluate controls related to security, availability, and processing integrity. Along with confidentiality, and privacy based on the Trust Services Criteria (TSC). However, they do not cover all aspects of an organization’s operations or address every potential risk. Other areas such as financial controls or regulatory compliance may require separate audits or assessments.
  • Point in Time Assessment: Type I SOC 2 reports provide a snapshot of the organization’s controls at a specific point in time. While they assess the design and implementation of controls. They may not provide a complete picture of their effectiveness over an extended period. Type II SOC 2 reports, covering a specified period. While offering a more comprehensive evaluation, but are still limited to the duration of the assessment.
  • Sampling and Risk-based Testing: Due to practical constraints, auditors rely on sampling techniques to test controls. Rather than assessing every individual transaction or process. While sampling is a recognized audit practice, there is a possibility that certain control deficiencies as well. Along with exceptions may not be identified during the limited testing.
  • Evolving Threat Landscape: SOC 2 audits are conducted based on the information available at the time of the assessment. However, the threat landscape and technology risks are continuously evolving. New vulnerabilities, emerging threats, or changes in the organization’s systems. While processing may arise after the audit, requiring ongoing monitoring and reassessment of controls.


In an era where data breaches and cyber threats are prevalent, organizations need to prioritize data security and privacy. SOC 2 Audit offers a comprehensive framework for assessing and enhancing controls related to these critical aspects. By undergoing a SOC 2 Audit, organizations can build trust. At the time of gaining a competitive advantage, and mitigating the risks associated with data breaches. It is a proactive step towards protecting sensitive information and maintaining the trust of customers, partners, and stakeholders.

If you are looking to implement any of the Infosec compliance frameworks such as SOC 2 compliance, HIPAA, ISO 27001, and GDPR compliance, Impanix can help. Book a Free consultation call with our experts or email us at  [email protected] for inquiries.